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World Bank Group’s Enterprise Survey Shows Scope for Reforms to Promote Private Sector Development in Myanmar


In Yangon:
Kyaw Soe Lynn
Tel: (951) 654-824
Email:
klynn@worldbank.org

In Hanoi:
Chu Van Anh,
Tel: (844) 3937-8745
Email:
canh1@ifc.org


YANGON, October 31, 2014—A new World Bank Group survey in Myanmar finds that reforms of the country’s investment climate are urgent across a number of areas, especially access to finance, land, electricity and skilled workers, which were identified as the top constraints. Addressing these key constraints is critical to ensuring a fair and transparent business environment in which all private enterprises can grow and create jobs.

The Enterprise Survey was carried out in the Spring of 2014, covering Yangon, Mandalay, Monywa, Taunggyi, and Bago. This survey of private sector firms in Myanmar included interviews from more than a thousand foreign and domestic non-agricultural businesses, in manufacturing, retail and other services. Some 23 percent of firms identified access to finance as the top barrier to their operations – just 30 percent of the surveyed firms have a bank account, by far the lowest figure in the region.


More than a fifth of those surveyed indicated access to land as the main problem, while 17 percent and 9 percent cited access to electricity and access to skilled workers as their primary constraints, respectively.
The World Bank Group has conducted similar surveys in 130 countries with more than 130,000 firms across the globe.

“The findings from the survey offer not only a good snapshot of Myanmar’s current situation, but also allow comparison across countries, in order to assess the business environment and barriers facing firms doing business in Myanmar,” said Abdoulaye Seck, World Bank Country Manager in Myanmar. “The survey results and analysis will help inform government policy to create a level playing field that helps promote investment, productivity, growth and jobs.”

The survey in Myanmar is supported
by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, and has been carried out in close collaboration with the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development.

The Enterprise Survey data and Doing Business 2015 report will inform recommendations for reforms to improve the investment climate. A detailed Investment Climate Assessment will be published by the World Bank Group in early 2015.  


The newly launched Doing Business 2015 finds that Myanmar made trading across borders easier by reducing the number of documents required for exports and imports. Myanmar is among 15 out of the 25 economies in East Asia and the Pacific that implemented at least one regulatory reform to ease business during the fiscal year that ended in June 2014.

About The World Bank Group

The World Bank group is one of the world’s largest sources of funding and knowledge for developing countries. It comprises five closely associated institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA), which together form the World Bank; the International Finance Corporation (IFC); the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA); and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Each institution plays a distinct role in the mission to fight poverty and improve living standards for people in the developing world. For more information, please visit
www.worldbank.org, www.miga.org, and www.ifc.org.

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