Dhaka, Bangladesh, November 6, 2019—IFC,
a member of the World Bank Group, today said 77 percent of companies surveyed
in Bangladesh do not yet offer childcare options to their employees —potentially
preventing women from participating equally in the labor force in the country.
According to ILO estimates, unemployment rate of women in Bangladesh is
almost double that of men. IFC’s survey
of 306 private sector companies in Bangladesh, including those from nonprofits,
manufacturing, financial services, and information technology sectors,
found that only 23 percent offer childcare options to their employees,
16 percent plan to, while 61 percent have no plans yet.
Lack of access to good quality, affordable childcare is a major obstacle
to women’s participation in the labor force across the world because women
usually bear a disproportionate share of childcare responsibilities. Studies,
including from IFC, suggest that employer-supported childcare can be a
win-win for all – it improves physical and cognitive outcomes for children,
enhances employment opportunities for women, and boosts productivity and
profits for businesses — supporting socio-economic growth.
In Bangladesh, companies with more than 40 female employees are legally
required to offer childcare options. IFC conducted the survey to better
understand the opportunities and challenges that companies face in the
country, aiming to raise awareness that the benefits of employer-supported
childcare outweigh the cost of implementing it. Since 2017, IFC
has produced several reports on childcare,
including from India, Pakistan,
and Sri Lanka, highlighting the innovative approaches that companies have
taken to provide childcare.
“Employers that provide childcare attract and retain quality employees,
most pointedly women employees. Employer-sponsored childcare and family-friendly
workplace policies can benefit families, businesses, and the economy,”
said Wendy Werner, IFC Country Manager for Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal.
IFC’s survey results point toward a strong business case for employer-supported
childcare and incorporate recommendations for the private, public, and
development sectors to boost employer-supported childcare in the country.
The survey, conducted between May and July, was funded by the Canadian
government and developed after consultations with over 75 employees and
40 stakeholders, including government representatives and care providers.
The research was conducted in collaboration with LightCastle Partners;
international organizations ILO/IFC Better Work Bangladesh, UNICEF Bangladesh,
UN Global Compact Bangladesh, and the World Bank; industry associations
Bangladesh Association of Call Center & Outsourcing, Bangladesh Garment
Manufacturers and Exporters Association, Bangladesh Leasing and Finance
Companies Association, and Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry, including
Business Initiative Leading Development; care providers BRAC Institute
of Education Development and Phulki; Bangladesh Hi-Tech Park Authority;
the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs and Bangladesh Shishu Academy.
IFC—a sister organization of the World Bank and member of the World Bank
Group—is the largest global development institution focused on the private
sector in emerging markets. We work with more than 2,000 businesses worldwide,
using our capital, expertise, and influence to create markets and opportunities
in the toughest areas of the world. In fiscal year 2019, we delivered more
than $19 billion in long-term financing for developing countries, leveraging
the power of the private sector to end extreme poverty and boost shared
prosperity. For more information, visit www.ifc.org